First National Congress
6-7 December 2004, Cebu City, Philippines

The Impact of Learning From and Learning With Educational Television in Schools
by Metz T. Omero
Mandaluyong Elementary School

In the last four years, pupils and teachers of the Mandaluyong Elementary School (MES) have been learning from and learning with Knowledge Channel. The pupils show positive learning from Knowledge Channel programs, which are explicitly produced and used for instructional purposes.

The effective use of educational television in this case is due to the fact that it is intentionally designed for education and teachers are involved in its selection, utilization and integration into the curriculum. Knowledge Channel programs are received via cable and are intended for use at specific times. MEKch organizers composed of Grade V pupils help in planning and scheduling all programs as there are only two televisions sets available in this school. The scheduling and ease of access of the programs are the biggest factors promoting classroom use.

Seminars and lesson demonstrations on the integration of educational television in the classroom focus on how teachers can best use television to enhance academic achievement. To make viewing more effective, teachers discuss the previewing questions as suggested in the teacher's guides to stimulate the interest of the pupils and reinforce their learning objectives. While viewing, teachers can call attention to and highlight the important concepts. After viewing teachers are advised to use quizzes to ensure that students understand the program.

Motivation is an important factor in gaining the most from any educational experience. The principal, school coordinator, school subject, and MESKch organizers play a big role in motivating pupils and teachers to use educational television. As recommended by the Department of Education, guidelines must be an integral part of the curriculum in the preparation of the programs.